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"Estimated Costs of Contact in College and High School Male
with Christopher Champa, September 2017.
Injury rates in twelve U.S. men's college sports and five U.S. boys'
high school sports are examined in this paper.
The sports are categorized as "contact" or "non-contact," and differences
in injury rates between the two are examined.
Injury rates in the contact sports are
considerably higher than those in the non-contact sports and they are
on average more severe. Estimates are presented
of the injury savings that would result if the contact sports
were changed to
have injury rates similar to those in the non-contact sports.
The estimated college savings are 49,600 fewer injuries per year and 6,000
fewer years lost-to-injury per year.
The estimated high school savings are 601,900 fewer injuries per year and
96,000 fewer years lost-to-injury per year.
For concussions the savings are 6,900 per year for college and
161,400 per year for
The estimated dollar value (in 2015 dollars) of the total injury savings is
between $446 million and $1.5 billion per year for college and between
$5.4 billion and $19.2 billion per year for high school.
Section 11 speculates on how the contact sports might be changed to
have their injury rates be similar to those in the non-contact sports.