[position in research by date]
[position in research by subject]
"Estimated Costs of Contact in College and High School Male
with Christopher Champa, Journal of Sports
Economics, 2019, 690-717.
published article, pdf file.
Injury rates in twelve U.S. men's college sports and five U.S. boys'
high school sports are examined in this paper.
The sports are categorized as ``contact'' or ``non-contact,'' and differences
in injury rates between the two are examined.
Injury rates in the contact sports are
considerably higher than those in the non-contact sports and they are
on average more severe. Estimates are presented
of the injury savings that would result if the contact sports
were changed to
have injury rates similar to those in the non-contact sports.
The estimated college savings are 48,100 fewer injuries per year and 5,900
fewer healthy years lost-to-injury per year.
The estimated high school savings are 568,600 fewer injuries per year and
92,000 fewer healthy years lost-to-injury per year.
For concussions the savings are 6,900 per year for college and
161,400 per year for high school.
The estimated dollar value (in 2015 dollars) of the total injury savings is
between $433 million and $1.5 billion per year for college and between
$5.1 billion and $18.4 billion per year for high school.